Question: Let "R" be the reduced row echelon form of an m x n matrix "A". Is the span of the columns of "R", (where each column represents a column vector) equal to the span of the columns of "A"? Justify your answer.
Initially I answered yes, since the operations converting a matrix to its reduced row echelon form are reversible, but the answer at the back of the book is "No".
Any ideas?
P.S. This question is taken from the book "Elementary Linear Algebra", (Here's the URL)
http://www.math.ilstu.edu/matrix/default.html
Thanks.
Linear Algebra Question
Thanks for your replies, I found the answer.
Consider Page 9, 10 of
http://www.ms.uky.edu/~lee/amspekulin/r ... n_ax=b.pdf
for an example.
As a further example, for an m x n matrix, where m is strictly greater than n, and all entries are nonzero, then, in the reduced row echelon form, the last row will necessarily be zero.
So for a 3 x 2 matrix although the column vectors of the original matrix span part of R^3, the column vectors of the reduced row echelon form will only span part of R^2.
Hence the answer to the original question is "Not necessarily", since
[Row Operations may affect the column space of a matrix
Consider Page 9, 10 of
http://www.ms.uky.edu/~lee/amspekulin/r ... n_ax=b.pdf
for an example.
As a further example, for an m x n matrix, where m is strictly greater than n, and all entries are nonzero, then, in the reduced row echelon form, the last row will necessarily be zero.
So for a 3 x 2 matrix although the column vectors of the original matrix span part of R^3, the column vectors of the reduced row echelon form will only span part of R^2.
Hence the answer to the original question is "Not necessarily", since
[Row Operations may affect the column space of a matrix

 Posts: 8
 Joined: Tue Mar 04, 2008 1:02 am
After take another look at your question :Question: Let "R" be the reduced row echelon form of an m x n matrix "A". Is the span of the columns of "R", (where each column represents a column vector) equal to the span of the columns of "A"?
R is the reduced row so the columns may be changed >the space spanned by the columns would be changed , therefore they are not equivalent.
Btw, I don't know about you guys, one of my weakness is not to read the problems carefully. This is killing me, hope that you guys don't make stupid mistakes like me while taking the real exams.